The Nissan LEAF is short for “leading environmentally-friendly affordable family” vehicle. Introduced as early as December 2010 in its home market Japan and the key UUSA market. The LEAF is the all-time best-selling EV, with over 220,000 registration up to Q1 2016. The LEAF scooped in various awards over its life, including “World Car of the Year” in 2012. At its launch, a battery pack was around $18,000 and in 2015 the cost decreased significantly to around $5,500. Only 0.01% of batteries have failed by 2015.